[special_text animation=”” tagname=”h2″ color=”#444444″ font_size=”34″ font_weight=”400″ font_style=”left” font=”default” margin_top=”” margin_bottom=”” align=”left”]5 Species of Salmon[/special_text]
(AKA Spring, Tyee and King)
- Black gums and a silver, spotted tail distinguish the Chinook from other salmonids;
- Lightly spotted blue-green back;
- Largest, most prized game fish – weighing between 1.5 kg and 30 kg; Chinook return to spawn as early as three to as late as eight years.
- Lives three to seven years;
- Average-size Chinooks are often known as springs in B.C. Those over 13.5 kg are called tyees, and in the U.S., Chinook are called king salmon.
(AKA blueback and silver)
- White gums, black tongues;
- A few spots on the upper portion of their bodies;
- Silver-coloured tails;
- Wide tail base;
- Bright silver with a metallic blue dorsal surface;
- Usually live for three years and grow rapidly in their final year;
- Weigh between 1.3 kg and 14 kg;
- In the Strait of Georgia from April to early June, small Coho passing from the grilse stage to maturity are called blueback’s.
- Tiny scales and a tail heavily marked with large oval spots;
- Unlike the other salmon species, the tail of a pink has no silver in it;
- In the sea, pinks have silver bodies with spotted backs;
- Smallest of the Pacific salmon, usually weighing about 2.2 kg, but occasionally reaching 5.5 kg;
- More abundant in northern waters in even-numbered years and in southern waters in odd-numbered years;
- Live only two years.
- Each pink salmon you keep must be at least 30 cm long.
(AKA red salmon)
- Almost toothless, with numerous long gill rakers;
- Prominent, glassy eyes;
- Slimmest and most streamlined of the Pacific species;
- Lives from four to six years;
- Weighs between 2.2 kg and 3.1 kg but can reach 6.3 kg;
- Young sockeye remain in fresh-water nursery lakes a year or more before migrating to the sea.
- Each sockeye salmon you keep must be at least 30 cm long.
(AKA dog salmon)
- White tip on the anal fin usually identifies a chum salmon;
- Resembles sockeye, but larger;
- Silvery sides and faint grid-like bars as they near spawning streams;
- Tail base is narrow and there is silver in the tail;
- Lives three to five years;
- Weighs about 4.5 kg to 6.5 kg, but they have been known to reach as much as 15 kg.
- Each chum salmon you keep must be at least 30 cm long.